The Canadian dollar (CAD) is the official currency of Canada and is abbreviated with the dollar sign $, or sometimes C$ to differentiate it from other currencies that use the dollar symbol. The Canadian dollar is often referred to as the "loonie" due to the image of a common loon on the one-dollar coin.
The Canadian dollar is the fifth most held reserve currency in the world, after the U.S. dollar, euro, Japanese yen, and British pound. Canada is a major exporter of natural resources such as oil, gas, and lumber, and as such, the Canadian dollar can be highly sensitive to fluctuations in commodity prices. The Canadian dollar is also often influenced by economic data releases, especially related to inflation and the labor market.
The Bank of Canada, Canada's central bank, is responsible for setting monetary policy and managing the Canadian dollar's value through interest rate adjustments and other monetary policy tools.
The value of the Canadian dollar is influenced by various economic indicators, including gross domestic product (GDP), inflation, employment, and trade balance. Like most currencies, the CAD can also be affected by geopolitical events and changes in monetary policy. The Canadian dollar is closely tied to the price of oil, as Canada is a major oil exporter. As a result, changes in oil prices can have a significant impact on the value of the CAD.